5. Test approval: make sure everyone understands the proposal and considers objections or reservations. Ideally, potential problems should have been identified and addressed earlier in the process. The consensual decision-making process offers three ways of expressing differences of opinion: accountability: as soon as a decision is made, regardless of the mechanism, it is important that everyone knows what is expected of them and how they are held accountable (including the necessary measures, deadlines and budgets). Heads of state or government must also delegate to each individual the power to act within their respective responsibilities, or everything is delegated to make upward decisions. Group decisions are a widespread technique in project management. It is used to get several alternatives from the project team to create future actions. In the group decision, different techniques are used and one of them is unanimity. Outside of Western culture, several other cultures have used consensual decisions.

An early example is the Grand Council of the Haudenosaunee Confederation (Iroquois), which used a 75 per cent super-majority to finalize its decisions,[52] perhaps 1142. [53] In the Xulu and Xhosa (South Africa) trials, Community leaders meet to listen to the public and negotiate visual thresholds for an acceptable compromise. The technology was also used at the 2015 UN climate change conference. [54] [55] In the cultures of Aceh and Nia (Indonesian), family and regional conflicts, from playground battles to inheritance, are managed through a musyawarah consensus education process, in which the parties mediate to find peace and avoid future hostilities and revenge. The resulting agreements should be respected, ranging from advice and warnings to compensation and exile. [56] [57] The consensus on the Quaker base[19] is considered effective because it builds a simple and proven structure that moves a group towards unity. The Quaker model aims to allow the listening of individual voices while providing a mechanism for managing differences of opinion. [5] [20] [21] There are many ways to build group decisions.

Group decision techniques are an evaluation process that presents many alternatives in the form of future actions. This specific technique requires each team member to contribute to the decision-making process. Consensus does not mean “unanimity” – even though it is a rule that has been adopted as part of a decision-making process. The amount of agreement required to make a decision is called the “decision rule.” [2] [6] Non-verbal communication methods such as hand signals are a simple and practical way to express an opinion without interrupting the conversation. Manual signals also help moderators measure the mood of the group and allow shy team members to contribute. The BrightWork team recently used hand signals Here are some signals to take into account when making consensus decisions: as a project manager, you also need to decide how to involve the team in decision-making and how to handle conflicting opinions. In the Spokescouncil model, affinity groups make common decisions by designating a speaker and sitting behind that speaker`s circle, much like the spokes of a wheel. While speaking rights may be limited to the delegate of each group, the meeting may give the constituent groups breakage time to discuss a topic and return to the circle through their spokesperson. In the case of an activist spokesman who was preparing for the A16 protests in Washington D.C in 2000, affinity groups denied the imposition of non-violence by their spokesperson.

They got the grace to let groups organize their own protests, then the city`s protest was divided into slices of cakes, blocked by the choice of protest from an affinity group. Many participants spontaneously learned the Spokescouncil model by participating directly, and came to better understand their planned action, by hearing the